Our research briefs summaries selected studies written by researchers at the Department of Economics.
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Cost-effectivesupport for families in low-income countries
The first years of a child’s life are crucial for the future. During these years, the brain develops rapidly, and therefore the nutrition and stimulation a child receives is of great importance. In low- and middle-income countries, however, it can be challenging to support children’s well-being and development because the interventions are expensive. A new study concludes that in countries with established support programs, there is a cost-effective way to introduce help focusing on early education. The program studied, implemented in Bangladesh, showed an internal rate of return of 18.9%.
In this brief we summarize a study co-authored by our doctoral student Akib Khan.
Read the brief as a pdf:
Cost-effective method to support families in low-income countries
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Less unequal when social networks lead to jobs
The question of how contacts affect job opportunities has long been a subject of debate. A new study by Marcus Eliason, Lena Hensvik, Francis Kramarz, and Oskar Nordström Skans sheds new light on the issue. The results challenge the perception that social contacts reinforce inequality in the labor market by primarily benefiting high-income individuals who have contacts in other high-paying firms. However, the study finds no evidence to support this notion. Instead, it reveals that contacts are more important for low-wage firms, which hire people from various income levels. Therefore, there are indications that job placements through contacts are actually more equal than traditional, more formal search methods, as such recruitments involve greater movement between income levels.
What do companies do when workers go on extended parental leave?
A lot of research investigates how parental leave affects parents' careers, women's and children's health, and how it is divided between the parents. However, less is known about how parental leave programs affect companies, which is an important question since increased parental leave can make it more expensive to hire women and affect companies' profits and competitiveness negatively. In a new study, researchers Arizo Karimi, Rita Ginja, and Pengpeng Xiao investigate how companies reacted after two Swedish parental leave reforms that extended the duration of paid leave.
Employers value social skills more than brains
The paper The Rising return to Noncognitive skills is published in American
Economic Journal: Applied Economics 2022
Authors: Per-Anders Edin, Peter Fredriksson, Martin Nybom and Björn Öckert
Stronger neighbourhood ties can reduce crime
The article Bolstering community ties as a mean of reducing crime
is published in the Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization
Authors: Magdalena Domínguez and Daniel Montolio
Emigration sparked innovation
The article Mass Migration and Technological Change is soon to be published in The Journal of the European Economic Association
Authors: David Andersson, Mounir Karadja and Erik Prawitz
What role does news media play in the economy?
The paper Sectoral Media Focus and Aggregate Fluctuations is
published in The American Economic Review
Authors: Ryan Chahrour, Kristoffer Nimark and Stefan Pitschner
Living in larger cities is greener
Global earnings inequality down, within-country inequality increasing
This article is published in The Economic Journal
Authors: Olle Hammar and Daniel Waldenström
Student achievement rises when grades matter more for admission